Implementation of the Dakar/Ngor Declaration and the programme of action of the ICPDICPD+5 logo



The Follow-Up Committee met in 1994 and 1997 to deliberate on various aspects of implementing the recommendations of the DND and the ICPD-PA by ECA member States. (For details see Report of the first meeting of the Follow-up committee on the implementation of the DND and the ICPD-PA, 24-25 March 1994, ECA/POP/APC.3/FC.1/94/3; and Report of the second meeting of the follow-up committee on the implementation of the DND and the ICPD-PA, 13-14 June 1997, FSSDD/APC.3/FC.2/97/6.) In March 1998 and under the auspices of the African Population Commission, a Seminar on population policies for high level officials of National Population Commissions, among others, also reviewed the progress made in population activities in the region. Two other assessments have earlier been undertaken. In the first a Country Questionnaire was devised to assess the efforts made by ECA member States at implementing the KPA recommendations; the second, utilized data obtained from direct correspondence with responsible government officials. For details, see Report of Experts and NGOs Workshop on the implementation of the DND and ICPD.PA, Abidjan, 6-9 June 1995 (UNECA: Addis Ababa, 1995), pp. 119-152. The Kilimanjaro programme of Action (KPA) was adopted at The Second African Population Conference (APC2: Arusha, 1984). For details, see Progress report on the implementation of the DND and the ICPD.PA, Paper presented to the ninth session of the Conference of African Planners, Statisticians, Population and Information Scientists, 11-16 March 1996, E/ECA/PSPI.9/5.


In assessing the feasibility of meeting the qualitative and quantitative targets contained in the ICPD-PA, the 1995 assessment observed that (i) while some of the targets might be achieved for the region as a whole or by individual member States, most of the targets would be difficult to achieve by the set dates; (With respect to the quantitative targets, the assessment compared levels of pertinent population growth components and/or their derivatives before and after the adoption of the ICPD-PA. For the qualitative targets, the basis was an analysis of government interventions, perceptions and level of commitment towards meeting the goals and objectives of the development frameworks) and (ii) the requirements towards attaining the set targets are rather difficult to meet owing to uncertainties about future socio-economic conditions in most States as well as the lack of adequate and reliable time series data for trend analysis.


The 1996 assessment was more positive; it indicated that these States were responding explicitly and deliberately to specific provisions of the two development frameworks. In terms of impact, it noted that attitudes of some of the States towards the adoption of population policies were evolving rapidly and that larger, stronger and more varied national population programs (NPPs) were being developed based on the recommendations of the ICPD-PA.


The factors that either promote or inhibit the implementation of the ICPD-PA recommendations as identified from the earlier assessments have been shared with the member States both during the indicated meetings and through the associated reports which have been published and disseminated. The ultimate test is whether these factors, recommendations and guidelines have been applied towards achieving sustainable development and a higher quality of life for all people. Nonetheless, because long term commitment and concerted action are required, the present assessment, like its predecessors, aims at identifying achievements, best practices and constraints.




Visit one of the six thematic areas identified in the assessment of the African experience.




 Theme 1 Reproductive health and rights

Reproductive health & rights

 Theme 2 Family, youth and adolescents

Family, youth & adolescents

 Theme 3 Gender empowerment

Gender empowerment

 Theme 4 NGO and private sector roles

NGO & private sector roles

 Theme 5 Policy and development strategies

Policy & development strategies

 Theme 6 Advocacy and IEC Strategies

Advocacy & IEC Strategies